Vayikra (Leviticus): Emor > Ch 24

Kindle the menorah every night – an eternal statute

  • The children of Israel shall take to you pure olive oil, crushed for lighting, to kindle the lamps continually. Outside the dividing curtain of the testimony in the Tent of Meeting, Aaron shall set it up before the Lord from evening to morning continually. [This shall be] an eternal statute for your generations. Upon the pure menorah, he shall set up the lamps, before the Lord, continually.

Bring 12 loaves of bread every Shabbat – an eternal statute

  • And you shall take fine flour and bake it [into] twelve loaves. Each loaf shall be [made from] two tenths [of an ephah of flour]. And you place them in two stacks, six in each stack, upon the pure table, before the Lord. And you shall place pure frankincense alongside each stack, and it shall be a reminder for the bread, a fire offering to the Lord. Each and every Sabbath day, he shall set it up before the Lord [to be there] continuously, from the children of Israel an eternal covenant. And it shall belong to Aaron and his sons, and they shall eat it in a holy place, for it is holy of holies for him, among the fire offerings of the Lord, an eternal statute.

Punishment for cursing G-d’s name is death

  • The son of an Israelite woman and an Egyptian man quarreled with the son of an Israelite woman and an Israelite man. And the son of the Israelite woman pronounced the [Divine] Name and cursed. His mother's name was Shelomith the daughter of Dibri, of the tribe of Dan. G-d told Moses: Take the blasphemer outside the camp, and all who heard [his blasphemy] shall lean their hands on his head. And the entire community shall stone him.
  • Any man who blasphemes his G-d shall bear his sin. And one who blasphemously pronounces the Name of the Lord, shall be put to death; the entire community shall stone him; convert and resident alike if he pronounces the [Divine] Name, he shall be put to death.

Punishment for Murder, Injuring people & animals – one law for convert & resident alike

  • If a man strikes down any human being he shall be put to death.
  • One who slays an animal shall pay for it [the value of] a life for the life [he took].
  • A man who inflicts an injury upon his fellow man just as he did, so shall be done to him [namely,] fracture for fracture, eye for eye, tooth for tooth. Just as he inflicted an injury upon a person, so shall it be inflicted upon him.
  • One who injures an animal shall pay for it. And one who strikes a person shall be put to death.
  • One law shall be exacted for you, convert and resident alike, for I am the Lord, your G-d.

Rashi Commentary

  • so shall be done to him Heb. כֵּן יִנָּתֵן בּוֹ. Our Rabbis explained that this does not mean the actual infliction of a wound, but payment of money. [And how is an injury estimated? The victim] is evaluated as a slave [if he would not have had the injury, and how much with the injury, and the difference is the compensation]. This is why Scripture uses the expression נְתִינָה, “giving,” [thereby alluding to] something that is “handed over (הַנָתוּן)” from hand to hand. — [B.K. 84a]