Vayikra (Leviticus): Vayikra > Ch 4

Sacrificing a sin offering for a sin by the anointed kohen

  • If the anointed kohen sins by committing one of G-d’s commandments which may not be committed, bringing guilt to the people, then he should do the following:
  • Bring an unblemished young bull as a sin offering to the entrance of the Tent of Meeting before the Lord
  • Lean his hand [forcefully] upon the bull's head and slaughter the bull before the Lord.
  • Take from the bull's blood and bring it into the Tent of Meeting
  • Dip his finger into the blood and sprinkle some of the blood seven times before the Lord, before the dividing curtain of the Sanctuary.
  • Place some of the blood on the horns of the incense altar which is in the Tent of Meeting, before the Lord
  • Pour all the blood of the bull onto the base of the altar for burnt offerings, which is at the entrance of the Tent of Meeting.
  • And all the fat of the sin offering bull separate from it: the fat covering the innards, and all the fat that is on the innards, and the two kidneys [along] with the fat that is on them, which is on the flanks; and the diaphragm with the liver, along with the kidneys, remove it, just as was separated from the bull [sacrificed as] a peace offering, then cause them to [go up in] smoke on the altar for burnt offerings.
  • Take out the entire bull (bull's skin, flesh, its head and legs, its innards and its waste matter) to a clean place outside the camp, to the ash depository, and burn it in fire on wood. Thus, it shall be burnt in the ash depository.


Sacrificing a sin offering for a sin by the entire community of Israel

  • If the entire community of Israel errs, because a matter was hidden from the eyes of the congregation, by committing one of G-d’s commandments which may not be committed, incurring guilt, then they should do the following:
  • When the sin becomes known, the congregation shall bring a young bull as a sin offering, before the Tent of Meeting
  • The elders of the community shall lean their hands [forcefully] upon the bull's head, before the Lord, and one shall slaughter the bull before the Lord.
  • The anointed kohen shall bring some of the bull's blood into the Tent of Meeting
  • the kohen shall dip his finger from the blood, and sprinkle [it] seven times before the Lord, before the dividing curtain.
  • And he shall then place some of the blood on the horns of the altar that is before the Lord in the Tent of Meeting.
  • And then he shall pour all the blood onto the base of the altar [used] for burnt offerings, which is at the entrance to the Tent of Meeting.
  • And he shall separate all its fat from it and cause it to [go up in] smoke on the altar.
  • He shall do to the bull just as he did to the bull of the sin offering thus he shall do to it. Thus the kohen shall make atonement for them [the community], and they will be forgiven.
  • And he shall take the bull outside the camp and burn it, just as he burned the first bull. It is a sin offering for the congregation.


Sacrificing a sin offering for a sin by a leader

  • If a leader sins and unintentionally commits one of all the commandments of the Lord, which may not be committed, incurring guilt, then he should do the following:
  • If his sin that he has committed is made known to him, then he shall bring his offering: an unblemished male goat.
  • And he shall lean his hand [forcefully] upon the goat's head and slaughter it in the place where he slaughters burnt offerings, before the Lord. It is a sin offering.
  • And the kohen shall take some of the blood of the sin offering with his finger, and place [it] on the horns of the altar [used] for burnt offerings. And then he shall pour its blood onto the base of the altar [used] for burnt offerings.
  • And he shall cause all its fat to [go up in] smoke on the altar, just like the fat of the peace offering. Thus the kohen shall make atonement for his sin, and he will be forgiven.


Sacrificing a sin offering for a sin by one person of the people of the land

  • If one person of the people of the land commits a sin unintentionally, by his committing one of the commandments of the Lord which may not be committed, incurring guilt;
  • if his sin that he committed is made known to him, he shall bring his sacrifice: an unblemished female goat, for his sin that he committed.
  • And he shall lean his hand [forcefully] on the head of the sin offering, and he shall slaughter the sin offering in the place of the burnt offering.
  • And the kohen shall take some of its blood with his finger, and place [it] on the horns of the altar [used] for burnt offerings. And then he shall pour all of its [remaining] blood at the base of the altar.
  • And he shall remove all of its fat, just as the fat was removed from the peace offering. The kohen shall then cause it to [go up in] smoke on the altar, as a pleasing fragrance to the Lord. Thus the kohen shall make atonement for him, and he will be forgiven.
  • If he brings a sheep for his sin offering, he shall bring an unblemished female.
  • He shall lean his hand [forcefully] upon the head of the sin offering and slaughter it as a sin offering in the place where he slaughters the burnt offering.
  • And the kohen shall take some of the blood of the sin offering with his finger and place [it] on the horns of the altar for burnt offerings. And then he shall pour all of its blood onto the base of the altar.
  • And he shall remove all its fat, just as the sheep's fat is removed from the peace offering. The kohen shall then cause them to [go up in] smoke on the altar, upon the fires for the Lord. Thus the kohen shall make atonement for him, for his sin which he committed, and he will be forgiven.


 

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