Vayikra (Leviticus): Vayikra > Ch 2

Sacrificing a meal offering of fine flour

  • Pour oil over it, place frankincense upon it and bring it to Aaron's descendants, the kohanim
  • From there, the kohen shall scoop out his fistful of its fine flour and its oil, in addition to all its frankincense.
  • The kohen shall cause its reminder to [go up in] smoke on the altar; [it is] a fire offering [with] a pleasing fragrance to the Lord.
  • What remains of the meal offering shall belong to Aaron and to his descendants; [it is] holy of holies from the fire offerings of the Lord.


Sacrificing a meal offering baked in an oven or on a pan or in a deep pot

  • If one brings a meal offering baked in an oven, it shall consist of unleavened loaves of fine flour mixed with oil, or unleavened wafers anointed with oil.
  • And if a meal offering on a pan is your sacrifice, it shall be of fine flour, mixed with oil; it shall be unleavened.
  • Break it into pieces, and pour oil over it. It is a meal offering.
  • If your sacrifice is a meal offering [made] in a deep pot, it shall be made of fine flour with oil.
  • Thus you shall bring the meal offering which shall be made from these [types], to the Lord. Bring it to the kohen, and he shall bring it close to the altar.
  • The kohen shall lift out, from the meal offering, its reminder and cause it to [go up in] smoke on the altar; [it is] a fire offering [with] a pleasing fragrance to the Lord.
  • And what remains of the meal offering shall belong to Aaron and his descendants; [it is] holy of holies from the fire offerings of the Lord.


Do not burn anything leavened or any honey, these should be offered as first fruit to G-d

  • No meal offering that you sacrifice to the Lord shall be made [out of anything] leavened. For you shall not cause to [go up in] smoke any leavening or any honey, [as] a fire offering to the Lord; [However,] you shall bring them as a first [fruit] offering to the Lord; nevertheless, they shall not go up on the altar as a pleasing fragrance to the Lord.


Salt all meal offering sacrifices

  • Salt every one of your meal offering sacrifices, and don’t omit the salt of your G-d's covenant from [being placed] upon your meal offerings. You shall offer salt on all your sacrifices.


Sacrificing a meal offering of the first grains

  • When you bring a meal offering of the first grains to the Lord, bring your first grain meal offering [from barley], as soon as it ripens, parched over the fire, kernels full in their husks, [ground into] coarse meal.
  • Put oil on it, and place frankincense upon it. It is a meal offering.
  • The kohen shall cause its reminder to [go up in] smoke, [taken] from its coarse meal and from its oil, with all its frankincense; [it is] a fire offering to the Lord.


 
Rashi Commentary

  • from the fire-offerings of the Lord They may take their share in it only after the offerings to the fire [i.e., only after the fistful has been scooped out and burnt, thereby becoming a fire-offering to G-d. Before this, however, they may not partake of the meal-offering]. — [Torath Kohanim 2: 113]
  • or any honey Any sweet fruit extract is called honey.


Research & Analysis
  • Salt of your G-d’s covenant - This verse has many interpretations:
  • It could be about Creation – G-d separated the waters
  • It could be about the Covenant with Noah – When G-d promised never to flood the earth again…
  • It could be about the covenant with Moses – perhaps and extra detail to the verse “You shall not slaughter [or sprinkle] the blood of My sacrifice with leaven, and the offering of the Passover feast shall not remain overnight until the morning”
  • It could be used just to add taste to the sacrifice, as the sacrifice should have good taste
  • Salt represents – suffering, preservation, purification, flavor, abundance, permanence, ability to change others for the better, necessary for the world – qualities that all apply to the Jewish people
  • The custom to put salt on bread comes from this Temple practice. It is an old Jewish tradition to give bread and salt when someone moves into a new home. It symbolizes fulfillment of basic necessities. This custom is widely followed in Russia and in many European countries.
  • Bread and salt are regarded as a natural pair because the Hebrew words *lechem* (bread) and *malach* (salt) are both spelled from the same three letters.

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