Vayikra (Leviticus): Vayikra > Ch 2
Sacrificing a meal offering of fine flour
Pour oil over it, place frankincense upon it and bring it to Aaron's descendants, the kohanim
From there, the kohen shall scoop out his fistful of its fine flour and its oil, in addition to all its frankincense.
The kohen shall cause its reminder to [go up in] smoke on the altar; [it is] a fire offering [with] a pleasing fragrance to the Lord.
What remains of the meal offering shall belong to Aaron and to his descendants; [it is] holy of holies from the fire offerings of the Lord.
Sacrificing a meal offering baked in an oven or on a pan or in a deep pot
If one brings a meal offering baked in an oven, it shall consist of unleavened loaves of fine flour mixed with oil, or unleavened wafers anointed with oil.
And if a meal offering on a pan is your sacrifice, it shall be of fine flour, mixed with oil; it shall be unleavened.
Break it into pieces, and pour oil over it. It is a meal offering.
If your sacrifice is a meal offering [made] in a deep pot, it shall be made of fine flour with oil.
Thus you shall bring the meal offering which shall be made from these [types], to the Lord. Bring it to the kohen, and he shall bring it close to the altar.
The kohen shall lift out, from the meal offering, its reminder and cause it to [go up in] smoke on the altar; [it is] a fire offering [with] a pleasing fragrance to the Lord.
And what remains of the meal offering shall belong to Aaron and his descendants; [it is] holy of holies from the fire offerings of the Lord.
Do not burn anything leavened or any honey, these should be offered as first fruit to G-d
No meal offering that you sacrifice to the Lord shall be made [out of anything] leavened. For you shall not cause to [go up in] smoke any leavening or any honey, [as] a fire offering to the Lord; [However,] you shall bring them as a first [fruit] offering to the Lord; nevertheless, they shall not go up on the altar as a pleasing fragrance to the Lord.
Salt all meal offering sacrifices
Salt every one of your meal offering sacrifices, and don’t omit the salt of your G-d's covenant from [being placed] upon your meal offerings.
You shall offer salt on all your sacrifices
Sacrificing a meal offering of the first grains
When you bring a meal offering of the first grains to the Lord, bring your first grain meal offering [from barley], as soon as it ripens, parched over the fire, kernels full in their husks, [ground into] coarse meal.
Put oil on it, and place frankincense upon it. It is a meal offering.
The kohen shall cause its reminder to [go up in] smoke, [taken] from its coarse meal and from its oil, with all its frankincense; [it is] a fire offering to the Lord.
from the fire-offerings of the Lord
They may take their share in it only after the offerings to the fire [i.e., only after the fistful has been scooped out and burnt, thereby becoming a fire-offering to G-d. Before this, however, they may not partake of the meal-offering]. — [Torath Kohanim 2: 113]
or any honey
Any sweet fruit extract is called honey.
Research & Analysis
Salt of your G-d’s covenant
- This verse has many interpretations:
It could be about Creation – G-d separated the waters
It could be about the Covenant with Noah – When G-d promised never to flood the earth again…
It could be about the covenant with Moses – perhaps and extra detail to the verse “You shall not slaughter [or sprinkle] the blood of My sacrifice with leaven, and the offering of the Passover feast shall not remain overnight until the morning”
It could be used just to add taste to the sacrifice, as the sacrifice should have good taste
Salt represents – suffering, preservation, purification, flavor, abundance, permanence, ability to change others for the better, necessary for the world – qualities that all apply to the Jewish people
The custom to put salt on bread comes from this Temple practice
. It is an old Jewish tradition to give bread and salt when someone moves into a new home. It symbolizes fulfillment of basic necessities. This custom is widely followed in Russia and in many European countries.
Bread and salt are regarded as a natural pair because the Hebrew words *lechem* (bread) and *malach* (salt) are both spelled from the same three letters.