Bereisheet (Genesis): Bereisheet > Ch 1 & 2

G-d created the world in six days and rested on the seventh day:

  1. Heavens, the earth, light, day & night
  2. Expanse separating water of heavens from the water of earth
  3. Dry land in the midst of water on earth, fruits & vegetation on dry land
  4. The sun, the moon and the stars
  5. Creatures of the seas and birds
  6. Creatures on dry land, then 2 humans: male & female created in His image, granted rule over fish, birds and beasts. Humans were allowed to eat fruits & vegetables, not allowed to kill animals.

 
Rashi Commentary

  • On the second day G-d did not say “and it was good”. On the third day, He says it twice. This is because the work done on the second day was not finished until the third day.
  • Stars were created on the first day, and were fixed in their proper positions on the fourth day.
  • "Let us make man in our image”. “Us” means that G-d consulted with angels prior to making man.

 

  • G-d blessed the seventh day and abstained from all His work

Details about the seven days of creation

  • The trees & vegetation did not grow until G-d sent the first rain.
  • After sending rain, G-d formed man of dust from the ground and breathed into his nostrils the soul of life.
  • G-d planted a garden in Eden, and He placed there the man whom He had formed. The garden had every tree pleasant to see and good to eat, as well as two special trees: the Tree of Life and the Tree of Knowledge of good and evil.
  • G-d commanded man not to eat of the Tree of Knowledge of good and evil, or else the man would die.
  • So that the man would not be alone, G-d created all beasts & fowls and let the man name them.
  • But the man had not seen anyone like himself, so G-d created a woman. When the man slept, G-d has taken one of his sides and built it into a woman. The man named her ishah (woman) because she was taken from ish (man) and was bone of his bones and flesh of his flesh.
  • This is why a man shall leave his father and his mother, and cleave to his wife, and they shall become one flesh.

 
Rashi Commentary

  • Torah repeats some of the things that were already mentioned (Ex: G-d created man) because these verses give details about events that happened earlier.
  • In Hebrew, Adam means “man”. This name was given by G-d.
  • When Adam was naming animals he saw that in every species there was male and female. Adam said, “Everyone has a mate, but I have no mate”.
  • This time - This teaches us that Adam came to all the animals and the beasts in search of a mate, but he was not satisfied until he found Eve. [from Yev. 63a]

 

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